Getting Started:

1. Make compost: with a compost bin or a trash can. Compost bin- wooden structure with side and a top. Have vents for air to flow through. Stir every week. Trash Can- Drill holes in the bottom sides. Lay on side and roll every week. Have a small container for under the sink for convienence. Make sure it has a tight fitting lid! Empty into larger compost bin every night.

2. How to make compost.

      Browns:                                                                             Greens:                                                      

  • straw                                                                                - tea bags
  • leaves                                                                               -coffee grounds 
  • wood ships                                                                       -egg shells
  • plant stems                                                                      -fish scraps        
  • hay                                                                                    -horse manure
  • nut shells                                                                          -fruit & vegtable scraps        * NO citrus and nothing cooked!* 
  • pine needles
  • shredded paper
  • saw dust
  • wood ashes* NO coal or charcoal ashes!!*
  • dead flowers

**No chemically treated wood                                          ***Shred everything small and layer with topsoil!

**No meat, fat bones, or dairy

**No perrenial weeds or plants

**No diseased plants

3. Make seed starters/ Seedling Pots 

   - Trays: cardboard egg cartons, paper towel tubes or toilet paper tubes.  Cut toilet paper tubes in half. Cut the bottoms of  the cardboard tubes in four places about an inch. Fold in to the center to make a bottom. Fill with gardening soil. Plant seeds as directed on package. 

   - Coffee Filters: Dampen the filter. Place a few seeds on  one side of the filter. Fold the filter over. Place in a ziploc baggie. Place in a drawer(darkness). Wait 2 weeks for seeds to sprout. Transfer to larger seedling pots. This way keeps you from having to "thin" seeds out.

   -Newspaper- As a can as your guide; wrap newspaper around can and around the bottom, tape to secure together.  Should be as thick as a normal seedling pot. You can make larger pots with larger cans, like coffee cans.

   -Jiffy brand planting pots. Already done for you, but costs more.

4. Simple Frugal Green House: Put clear plastic over a metal or wooden shelving unit. Put in sunny spot in yard.

5. Once the seedlings sprout to about an inch or more, make sure you transfer plants to larger pots to allow for bigger growth.


1. Till a spot of your land or make raised beds with wooden timbers. Till in your compost.

2. Do not plant the same plant in the same spot every year. 

3. Plant in rows that are easily accessible.

4. Plant marigolds around the edge of the raised beds. Plant in between rows of the plants in a regular garden. The marigolds keep certains bugs and insects away.

5. When planting from seedling pots, plant it deep enough that the soil covers 2/3 of the plant. Makes deeper, better root system.

 Mother Earth News is one of my favorite magazines for organic gardening and other ideas. Check it out at

Fall planting:


Days to Maturity

beets55 to 60
broccoli70 to 80
Brussels sprouts90 to 100
cauliflower55 to 65
cabbage70 to 80
carrots85 to 95
Chinese cabbage75 to 85
cilantro50 to 55 (leaf); 90 to 105 (coriander seed)
collard greens60 to 100
daikon radishes60 to 75
green beans50 to 60
green onions50 to 60
kale40 to 50
kohlrabi50 to 60
leeks100 to 120
lettuce (leaf)40 to 50
lettuce (head)70 to 85
mustard greens30 to 40
onions (seeds)130 to 150
onions (sets)60 to 80
peas50 to 60
radishes25 to 30
rutabaga70 to 80
spinach50 to 60
Swiss chard30 to 50
turnips55 to 60

 info from

Spring Planting:

Very early spring (as soon as the ground can be worked)

  • Onions
  • peas
  • spinach

Early spring

  • lettuce
  • beets
  • carrots
  • radishes
  • dill
  • cilantro
  • cabbage
  • broccoli
  • celery
  • kale
  • potatoes

After last frost date

  • beans
  • corn
  • melons
  • cucumbers
  • squash
  • tomatoes
  • peppers
  • pumpkins
  • eggplant
  • basil

**Please check out your frost dates at

For more organic pest control ideas:


Gardening Care:

1. Use grated ivory soap flakes on vegtables as an organic choice for pesticide.

2. Use red pepper flakes around garden and flowers to keep dogs and other animals away.

3. Water everyday.

4. Fertilize every week or two, depending on the directions of certain brands.

5. Cut okra when its about an inch or two long in length. The longer it is, the tougher it will be.

6. Over watering or not enough watering will cause tomatoes to crack.

7. Use wooden poles or triangle cages for tomatoes to grow taller. Make the poles into a triangle. Tomato plants can grow as tall or even taller than you if taken care of properly.

8. Use wooden poles for green beans and peas to grow taller.

9. If you plant a berry bush along a fence, use a trellis to train it to grow upward for easy picking.